Panglao is a fourth class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. As of 2010, it has a population of 28,603 people in 4,481 households.
Panglao is famous for its white sand beaches and world famous diving sites, making this pristine paradise one of the favorite destinations of foreign and Filipino tourists alike. A few of Panglao's white sand beaches are Alona Beach, Doljo Beach, and Bolod Beach. At the beautiful Alona Beach, tours can be organized to the world famous diving sites around Panglao Island. Some of these are Napaling, Doljo Point, Garden Eels, Arco Point, Balicasag island and Kalipayan.
With its pristine island beauty, Panglao allures tourists with a tranquil ambiance unique only to the tropical islands of the Philippines. As more tourists discover this pristine paradise, tales of Panglao's grandeur spread, bringing an increasing influx of tourists year after year.
Panglao Island is located off the southwestern tip of Bohol, and is connected to the mainland by two bridges. Being only 18 kilometers away from Tagbilaran City, the capital city of Bohol, the town of Panglao can be reached in 30 minutes. From there, it takes only a few more minutes to reach the beach of your choice.
The island is divided into two municipalities: Dauis and Panglao. The municipality of Panglao is located at the southwest part of the island while Dauis is at the northeast. There are three islets in the municipality, namely Gak-ang, Pontod (aka Virgin Island) and Balicasag, all belongs to the jurisdiction of Poblacion. The island’s terrain ranges from plain, rolling to hilly and is highly made up of Maribojoc limestone, the youngest of the limestone units found in the western area of Bohol. For its water source, the underground spring inside the Canhilbas dug well is used, since Panglao Island has no rivers or lakes.
HISTORY OF PANGLAO
Panglao was known to the traders from China and other Asian countries even way back before the Spaniards set foot on its shores. Archaeological sites have yielded Tang, Sung and Ming dynasty porcelain and trade ware.
Some years before the arrival of conquistador Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, there was a strong kingdom in an area in Bohol. The inhabitants were excellent oarsmen, fishermen and traders. According Loarca, the town had been plundered by men from Malucco, and most of its inhabitants fled to various places. Some settled in Panay, many others in Dapitan, in Northern Mindanao.
By all indications, the Dapitan Kingdom was well located in the strait formed by the island of Bohol and that of Panglao. At the time of Combes, many brazas in the sea stood certain columns of upright wood, as honorable witnesses of the location so gloriously occupied by this nation. The Dapitanons inhabited both shores and the entire island of Panglao, exercising dominion in Bohol: from the shore of the strait to the coast of Baclayon.
They had trade and diplomatic relations with the Ternatans, who eventually came and raided them because they had cut off the noses and ears of the envoy from Ternate and many men in his entourage for having made advances to the royal concubine.
To accomplish his revenge and conquer the Dapitan Kingdom, the Ternatan King employed a dark and infamous strategy. He sent his joangas in, one by one, on the pretext of trading. The Dapitanons, seeing the innocence of their enterprise, dropped their guard. When their fleet had been brought together, the Ternatans attacked with muskets and arquebuses furnished to them by the Portuguese.
Prince Dailisan was killed and his brother, Prince Pagbuaya was left the reigning prince. The entire Dapitan nation decided to disperse, with the majority settling in Mindanao.
When the Spaniards came, they still noticed the remnants of the old Kingdom which could become a bulwark of a flourishing civilization or perhaps a citadel of native genius counterpart to that of several European mercantile capitals.
It is recorded in the history of the island that the Spaniards came to Panglao in search of fresh water in the year 1803. The Spaniards showed signs of friendship so they were welcomed by the natives. Few natives making their fishing device called "panggaw" were at the shore. A Spaniard pointing down asked what the name of the place was. The natives, who believed that the visitor was asking what they were making, answered "Panggaw." Through the years, the name evolved from “panggaw” to Panglaw and finally to Panglao. (source of history: http://www.bohol-philippines.com/panglao-island.html )